Tag Archives: shaft roller

China Standard Chinese Manufactures Precisoin Machining OEM CNC Turning Milling Axle Shaft Thread Pin Connector Roller Bolt Screw Metal Steel Plug Rod Lug Nut Spare Auto Parts with Good quality

Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

What Are Screw Shaft Threads?

A screw shaft is a threaded part used to fasten other components. The threads on a screw shaft are often described by their Coefficient of Friction, which describes how much friction is present between the mating surfaces. This article discusses these characteristics as well as the Material and Helix angle. You’ll have a better understanding of your screw shaft’s threads after reading this article. Here are some examples. Once you understand these details, you’ll be able to select the best screw nut for your needs.
screwshaft

Coefficient of friction between the mating surfaces of a nut and a screw shaft

There are 2 types of friction coefficients. Dynamic friction and static friction. The latter refers to the amount of friction a nut has to resist an opposing motion. In addition to the material strength, a higher coefficient of friction can cause stick-slip. This can lead to intermittent running behavior and loud squeaking. Stick-slip may lead to a malfunctioning plain bearing. Rough shafts can be used to improve this condition.
The 2 types of friction coefficients are related to the applied force. When applying force, the applied force must equal the nut’s pitch diameter. When the screw shaft is tightened, the force may be removed. In the case of a loosening clamp, the applied force is smaller than the bolt’s pitch diameter. Therefore, the higher the property class of the bolt, the lower the coefficient of friction.
In most cases, the screwface coefficient of friction is lower than the nut face. This is because of zinc plating on the joint surface. Moreover, power screws are commonly used in the aerospace industry. Whether or not they are power screws, they are typically made of carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel. They are often used in conjunction with bronze or plastic nuts, which are preferred in higher-duty applications. These screws often require no holding brakes and are extremely easy to use in many applications.
The coefficient of friction between the mating surfaces of t-screws is highly dependent on the material of the screw and the nut. For example, screws with internal lubricated plastic nuts use bearing-grade bronze nuts. These nuts are usually used on carbon steel screws, but can be used with stainless steel screws. In addition to this, they are easy to clean.

Helix angle

In most applications, the helix angle of a screw shaft is an important factor for torque calculation. There are 2 types of helix angle: right and left hand. The right hand screw is usually smaller than the left hand one. The left hand screw is larger than the right hand screw. However, there are some exceptions to the rule. A left hand screw may have a greater helix angle than a right hand screw.
A screw’s helix angle is the angle formed by the helix and the axial line. Although the helix angle is not usually changed, it can have a significant effect on the processing of the screw and the amount of material conveyed. These changes are more common in 2 stage and special mixing screws, and metering screws. These measurements are crucial for determining the helix angle. In most cases, the lead angle is the correct angle when the screw shaft has the right helix angle.
High helix screws have large leads, sometimes up to 6 times the screw diameter. These screws reduce the screw diameter, mass, and inertia, allowing for higher speed and precision. High helix screws are also low-rotation, so they minimize vibrations and audible noises. But the right helix angle is important in any application. You must carefully choose the right type of screw for the job at hand.
If you choose a screw gear that has a helix angle other than parallel, you should select a thrust bearing with a correspondingly large center distance. In the case of a screw gear, a 45-degree helix angle is most common. A helix angle greater than zero degrees is also acceptable. Mixing up helix angles is beneficial because it allows for a variety of center distances and unique applications.
screwshaft

Thread angle

The thread angle of a screw shaft is measured from the base of the head of the screw to the top of the screw’s thread. In America, the standard screw thread angle is 60 degrees. The standard thread angle was not widely adopted until the early twentieth century. A committee was established by the Franklin Institute in 1864 to study screw threads. The committee recommended the Sellers thread, which was modified into the United States Standard Thread. The standardized thread was adopted by the United States Navy in 1868 and was recommended for construction by the Master Car Builders’ Association in 1871.
Generally speaking, the major diameter of a screw’s threads is the outside diameter. The major diameter of a nut is not directly measured, but can be determined with go/no-go gauges. It is necessary to understand the major and minor diameters in relation to each other in order to determine a screw’s thread angle. Once this is known, the next step is to determine how much of a pitch is necessary to ensure a screw’s proper function.
Helix angle and thread angle are 2 different types of angles that affect screw efficiency. For a lead screw, the helix angle is the angle between the helix of the thread and the line perpendicular to the axis of rotation. A lead screw has a greater helix angle than a helical one, but has higher frictional losses. A high-quality lead screw requires a higher torque to rotate. Thread angle and lead angle are complementary angles, but each screw has its own specific advantages.
Screw pitch and TPI have little to do with tolerances, craftsmanship, quality, or cost, but rather the size of a screw’s thread relative to its diameter. Compared to a standard screw, the fine and coarse threads are easier to tighten. The coarser thread is deeper, which results in lower torques. If a screw fails because of torsional shear, it is likely to be a result of a small minor diameter.

Material

Screws have a variety of different sizes, shapes, and materials. They are typically machined on CNC machines and lathes. Each type is used for different purposes. The size and material of a screw shaft are influenced by how it will be used. The following sections give an overview of the main types of screw shafts. Each 1 is designed to perform a specific function. If you have questions about a specific type, contact your local machine shop.
Lead screws are cheaper than ball screws and are used in light-duty, intermittent applications. Lead screws, however, have poor efficiency and are not recommended for continuous power transmission. But, they are effective in vertical applications and are more compact. Lead screws are typically used as a kinematic pair with a ball screw. Some types of lead screws also have self-locking properties. Because they have a low coefficient of friction, they have a compact design and very few parts.
Screws are made of a variety of metals and alloys. Steel is an economical and durable material, but there are also alloy steel and stainless steel types. Bronze nuts are the most common and are often used in higher-duty applications. Plastic nuts provide low-friction, which helps reduce the drive torques. Stainless steel screws are also used in high-performance applications, and may be made of titanium. The materials used to create screw shafts vary, but they all have their specific functions.
Screws are used in a wide range of applications, from industrial and consumer products to transportation equipment. They are used in many different industries, and the materials they’re made of can determine their life. The life of a screw depends on the load that it bears, the design of its internal structure, lubrication, and machining processes. When choosing screw assemblies, look for a screw made from the highest quality steels possible. Usually, the materials are very clean, so they’re a great choice for a screw. However, the presence of imperfections may cause a normal fatigue failure.
screwshaft

Self-locking features

Screws are known to be self-locking by nature. The mechanism for this feature is based on several factors, such as the pitch angle of the threads, material pairing, lubrication, and heating. This feature is only possible if the shaft is subjected to conditions that are not likely to cause the threads to loosen on their own. The self-locking ability of a screw depends on several factors, including the pitch angle of the thread flank and the coefficient of sliding friction between the 2 materials.
One of the most common uses of screws is in a screw top container lid, corkscrew, threaded pipe joint, vise, C-clamp, and screw jack. Other applications of screw shafts include transferring power, but these are often intermittent and low-power operations. Screws are also used to move material in Archimedes’ screw, auger earth drill, screw conveyor, and micrometer.
A common self-locking feature for a screw is the presence of a lead screw. A screw with a low PV value is safe to operate, but a screw with high PV will need a lower rotation speed. Another example is a self-locking screw that does not require lubrication. The PV value is also dependent on the material of the screw’s construction, as well as its lubrication conditions. Finally, a screw’s end fixity – the way the screw is supported – affects the performance and efficiency of a screw.
Lead screws are less expensive and easier to manufacture. They are a good choice for light-weight and intermittent applications. These screws also have self-locking capabilities. They can be self-tightened and require less torque for driving than other types. The advantage of lead screws is their small size and minimal number of parts. They are highly efficient in vertical and intermittent applications. They are not as accurate as lead screws and often have backlash, which is caused by insufficient threads.

China Standard Chinese Manufactures Precisoin Machining OEM CNC Turning Milling Axle Shaft Thread Pin Connector Roller Bolt Screw Metal Steel Plug Rod Lug Nut Spare Auto Parts   with Good qualityChina Standard Chinese Manufactures Precisoin Machining OEM CNC Turning Milling Axle Shaft Thread Pin Connector Roller Bolt Screw Metal Steel Plug Rod Lug Nut Spare Auto Parts   with Good quality

China manufacturer CNC Turning Connecting Part Roller Hollow Axle Shaft with Great quality

Product Description

Product Description

Item Description
Design/Size According to customer’s drawing or sample
Material

Aluminum:6061, 6063, 6082, 7075, 5052, A380 etc.

Stainless Steel:SS201, SS301, SS303, SS304, (SS304 FOOD GRADE), SS316,SS316L,SUS430, SS416 

Steel: Mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45# etc.

Alloy steel (15Cr,20Cr,42CrMo) and other etc.

Brass:HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H68, H80, H90 etc.

Copper,Bronze,Red copper,etc.

Titanium: TC4 (TiAl6v4, Gradef5)

Plastic:ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, plastic, PP,PEI, Peek etc.

Process CNC machining, Turning, Milling, Stamping,Lathing, Cutting, etc.
Leadtime 3-7 working days for samples generally, mass production as per detail qty after samples approval.
Surface Treatment Clear Anodized,Color Anodized,Chemical Film, Brushing, Passivating, Polishing, Chroming,Sandblasting, Laser engraving,Zinc plating,Oxide black,Nickel plating,Chrome plating,Carburized,Heat treatment,Painting
Test Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine(CMM), 2D Measurement instrument,Projector,Altimeter,Micrometer,Thread Gages,Hardness Tester, Calipers, Pin Gauge,Salt Spray Test Machine,Concentricity Measuring Instrument
Concentricity Measuring Instrument,Spectrometer.
Quality Management System ISO 9001:2015
IATF 16949:2016
CHINA CLASSIFICATION CERTIFICATION
Application Auto parts,machinery parts,computer parts,medical parts,home appliances parts,electrical equipment parts,electrical appliances parts,electronic products parts,electronic parts,generator parts,alternator parts,dynamo parts,electric generator parts,stationery,power switches,miniature switches, architecture, commodity and A/V equipment.
File Format Solidworks,Pro/Engineer,CAD,PDF,JPG,DXF,IGS
Packing Inner-Plastic bag,Outer -Standard Carton Box,or according to customers’ requirements
Shipping By sea, by air, International Express(DHL,FedEx,TNT,UPS).
Service Warm and quick response service by the professional foreign trade team.
Size inspection report/Raw material certification/Surface treatment report/Engineering drawing
RoHS report/Salt spray test report/Hardness test reort

 

Company Profile

HangZhou Zhong Li Da Machinery Co., Ltd. was founded in 2009, located in HangZhou city, ZheJiang Province, we are a customized precision hardware parts CNC machining manufacturing vendor certified by ISO9001:2015 and IATF16949:2016.

Our production workshop covers an area of 3,500 square meters. We have 6-axis machining center, turning and milling compound center, CNC lathe, automatic lathe and other precision production equipment.

HangZhou Zhong Li Da Machinery is based on the tenet of “technology is the root, quality is the foundation, reputation is the life, service is the belief”,We use innovative manufacturing techniques to produce high-quality products at the lowest achievable cost. 

Detailed Photos

 

 

Certifications

 

Regarding the Precision CNC turning parts , we can meet at:
Roundness & Concentricity:  +/- 0.005mm
Surface Roughness:                 Ra 0.2
Flatness/Parallelism :            0.005mm
Perpendicularity :                    0.005mm
General Tolerance :                 0.001mm

WE COULD ALSO PROVIDE PPAP LEVEL FILES FOR THE AUTO INDUSTRY CUSTOMER!

Packaging & Shipping

 

FAQ

Q: When can I get reply after send inquiry?

A: 1.  All inquiries will be replied within 2 hours on Chinese working time.    

     2. Our call phones standing by any calls at any time.

 
Q: How long can I get samples ?

A: Generally samples can be sent to you within 7 working days after product drawing confirmed by both side.  

 

Q: What file format can you accept for my products/design?

A: 1. We can accept varies format, igs, step, stp, jpg,pdf, dwg, dxf and so on.    
     

Q: If I don’t have drawing, how can I get sample ?

A: If you don’t have any drawing,you can send us your sample, we will scan it and make 2D and 3D drawing first, then make sample for you.

 

Q: What are common materials that you use in projects?  

A: Aluminum,Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Copper, Plastics, Titanium and PEEK etc.

 

Q: What’s your MOQ(minimum order quantity)

A: Different products have different MOQs, Welcome to send us trial order firstly.

 

Q: What kind of payment do you accept?

A:  Welcome paid by T/T, L/C, Paypal, Western Union. 

The Four Basic Components of a Screw Shaft

There are 4 basic components of a screw shaft: the Head, the Thread angle, and the Threaded shank. These components determine the length, shape, and quality of a screw. Understanding how these components work together can make purchasing screws easier. This article will cover these important factors and more. Once you know these, you can select the right type of screw for your project. If you need help choosing the correct type of screw, contact a qualified screw dealer.

Thread angle

The angle of a thread on a screw shaft is the difference between the 2 sides of the thread. Threads that are unified have a 60 degree angle. Screws have 2 parts: a major diameter, also known as the screw’s outside diameter, and a minor diameter, or the screw’s root diameter. A screw or nut has a major diameter and a minor diameter. Each has its own angle, but they all have 1 thing in common – the angle of thread is measured perpendicularly to the screw’s axis.
The pitch of a screw depends on the helix angle of the thread. In a single-start screw, the lead is equal to the pitch, and the thread angle of a multiple-start screw is based on the number of starts. Alternatively, you can use a square-threaded screw. Its square thread minimizes the contact surface between the nut and the screw, which improves efficiency and performance. A square thread requires fewer motors to transfer the same load, making it a good choice for heavy-duty applications.
A screw thread has 4 components. First, there is the pitch. This is the distance between the top and bottom surface of a nut. This is the distance the thread travels in a full revolution of the screw. Next, there is the pitch surface, which is the imaginary cylinder formed by the average of the crest and root height of each tooth. Next, there is the pitch angle, which is the angle between the pitch surface and the gear axis.
screwshaft

Head

There are 3 types of head for screws: flat, round, and hexagonal. They are used in industrial applications and have a flat outer face and a conical interior. Some varieties have a tamper-resistant pin in the head. These are usually used in the fabrication of bicycle parts. Some are lightweight, and can be easily carried from 1 place to another. This article will explain what each type of head is used for, and how to choose the right 1 for your screw.
The major diameter is the largest diameter of the thread. This is the distance between the crest and the root of the thread. The minor diameter is the smaller diameter and is the distance between the major and minor diameters. The minor diameter is half the major diameter. The major diameter is the upper surface of the thread. The minor diameter corresponds to the lower extreme of the thread. The thread angle is proportional to the distance between the major and minor diameters.
Lead screws are a more affordable option. They are easier to manufacture and less expensive than ball screws. They are also more efficient in vertical applications and low-speed operations. Some types of lead screws are also self-locking, and have a high coefficient of friction. Lead screws also have fewer parts. These types of screw shafts are available in various sizes and shapes. If you’re wondering which type of head of screw shaft to buy, this article is for you.

Threaded shank

Wood screws are made up of 2 parts: the head and the shank. The shank is not threaded all the way up. It is only partially threaded and contains the drive. This makes them less likely to overheat. Heads on wood screws include Oval, Round, Hex, Modified Truss, and Flat. Some of these are considered the “top” of the screw.
Screws come in many sizes and thread pitches. An M8 screw has a 1.25-mm thread pitch. The pitch indicates the distance between 2 identical threads. A pitch of 1 is greater than the other. The other is smaller and coarse. In most cases, the pitch of a screw is indicated by the letter M followed by the diameter in millimetres. Unless otherwise stated, the pitch of a screw is greater than its diameter.
Generally, the shank diameter is smaller than the head diameter. A nut with a drilled shank is commonly used. Moreover, a cotter pin nut is similar to a castle nut. Internal threads are usually created using a special tap for very hard metals. This tap must be followed by a regular tap. Slotted machine screws are usually sold packaged with nuts. Lastly, studs are often used in automotive and machine applications.
In general, screws with a metric thread are more difficult to install and remove. Fortunately, there are many different types of screw threads, which make replacing screws a breeze. In addition to these different sizes, many of these screws have safety wire holes to keep them from falling. These are just some of the differences between threaded screw and non-threaded. There are many different types of screw threads, and choosing the right 1 will depend on your needs and your budget.
screwshaft

Point

There are 3 types of screw heads with points: cone, oval, and half-dog. Each point is designed for a particular application, which determines its shape and tip. For screw applications, cone, oval, and half-dog points are common. Full dog points are not common, and they are available in a limited number of sizes and lengths. According to ASTM standards, point penetration contributes as much as 15% of the total holding power of the screw, but a cone-shaped point may be more preferred in some circumstances.
There are several types of set screws, each with its own advantage. Flat-head screws reduce indentation and frequent adjustment. Dog-point screws help maintain a secure grip by securing the collar to the screw shaft. Cup-point set screws, on the other hand, provide a slip-resistant connection. The diameter of a cup-point screw is usually half of its shaft diameter. If the screw is too small, it may slack and cause the screw collar to slip.
The UNF series has a larger area for tensile stress than coarse threads and is less prone to stripping. It’s used for external threads, limited engagement, and thinner walls. When using a UNF, always use a standard tap before a specialized tap. For example, a screw with a UNF point is the same size as a type C screw but with a shorter length.

Spacer

A spacer is an insulating material that sits between 2 parts and centers the shaft of a screw or other fastener. Spacers come in different sizes and shapes. Some of them are made of Teflon, which is thin and has a low coefficient of friction. Other materials used for spacers include steel, which is durable and works well in many applications. Plastic spacers are available in various thicknesses, ranging from 4.6 to 8 mm. They’re suitable for mounting gears and other items that require less contact surface.
These devices are used for precision fastening applications and are essential fastener accessories. They create clearance gaps between the 2 joined surfaces or components and enable the screw or bolt to be torqued correctly. Here’s a quick guide to help you choose the right spacer for the job. There are many different spacers available, and you should never be without one. All you need is a little research and common sense. And once you’re satisfied with your purchase, you can make a more informed decision.
A spacer is a component that allows the components to be spaced appropriately along a screw shaft. This tool is used to keep space between 2 objects, such as the spinning wheel and an adjacent metal structure. It also helps ensure that a competition game piece doesn’t rub against an adjacent metal structure. In addition to its common use, spacers can be used in many different situations. The next time you need a spacer, remember to check that the hole in your screw is threaded.
screwshaft

Nut

A nut is a simple device used to secure a screw shaft. The nut is fixed on each end of the screw shaft and rotates along its length. The nut is rotated by a motor, usually a stepper motor, which uses beam coupling to accommodate misalignments in the high-speed movement of the screw. Nuts are used to secure screw shafts to machined parts, and also to mount bearings on adapter sleeves and withdrawal sleeves.
There are several types of nut for screw shafts. Some have radial anti-backlash properties, which prevent unwanted radial clearances. In addition, they are designed to compensate for thread wear. Several nut styles are available, including anti-backlash radial nuts, which have a spring that pushes down on the nut’s flexible fingers. Axial anti-backlash nuts also provide thread-locking properties.
To install a ball nut, you must first align the tangs of the ball and nut. Then, you must place the adjusting nut on the shaft and tighten it against the spacer and spring washer. Then, you need to lubricate the threads, the ball grooves, and the spring washers. Once you’ve installed the nut, you can now install the ball screw assembly.
A nut for screw shaft can be made with either a ball or a socket. These types differ from hex nuts in that they don’t need end support bearings, and are rigidly mounted at the ends. These screws can also have internal cooling mechanisms to improve rigidity. In this way, they are easier to tension than rotating screws. You can also buy hollow stationary screws for rotator nut assemblies. This type is great for applications requiring high heat and wide temperature changes, but you should be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

China manufacturer CNC Turning Connecting Part Roller Hollow Axle Shaft   with Great qualityChina manufacturer CNC Turning Connecting Part Roller Hollow Axle Shaft   with Great quality

China factory Custom Steel Roller Spindle Pin Shaft near me factory

Product Description

Product Description

Item Description
Design/Size According to customer’s drawing or sample
Material

Aluminum:6061, 6063, 6082, 7075, 5052, A380 etc.

Stainless Steel:SS201, SS301, SS303, SS304, (SS304 FOOD GRADE), SS316,SS316L,SUS430, SS416 

Steel: Mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45# etc.

Alloy steel (15Cr,20Cr,42CrMo) and other etc.

Brass:HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H68, H80, H90 etc.

Copper,Bronze,Red copper,etc.

Titanium: TC4 (TiAl6v4, Gradef5)

Plastic:ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, plastic, PP,PEI, Peek etc.

Process CNC machining, Turning, Milling, Stamping,Lathing, Cutting, etc.
Leadtime 3-7 working days for samples generally, mass production as per detail qty after samples approval.
Surface Treatment Clear Anodized,Color Anodized,Chemical Film, Brushing, Passivating, Polishing, Chroming,Sandblasting, Laser engraving,Zinc plating,Oxide black,Nickel plating,Chrome plating,Carburized,Heat treatment,Painting
Test Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine(CMM), 2D Measurement instrument,Projector,Altimeter,Micrometer,Thread Gages,Hardness Tester, Calipers, Pin Gauge,Salt Spray Test Machine,Concentricity Measuring Instrument
Concentricity Measuring Instrument,Spectrometer.
Quality Management System ISO 9001:2015
IATF 16949:2016
CHINA CLASSIFICATION CERTIFICATION
Application Auto parts,machinery parts,computer parts,medical parts,home appliances parts,electrical equipment parts,electrical appliances parts,electronic products parts,electronic parts,generator parts,alternator parts,dynamo parts,electric generator parts,stationery,power switches,miniature switches, architecture, commodity and A/V equipment.
File Format Solidworks,Pro/Engineer,CAD,PDF,JPG,DXF,IGS
Packing Inner-Plastic bag,Outer -Standard Carton Box,or according to customers’ requirements
Shipping By sea, by air, International Express(DHL,FedEx,TNT,UPS).
Service Warm and quick response service by the professional foreign trade team.
Size inspection report/Raw material certification/Surface treatment report/Engineering drawing
RoHS report/Salt spray test report/Hardness test reort

 

Company Profile

HangZhou Zhong Li Da Machinery Co., Ltd. was founded in 2009, located in HangZhou city, ZheJiang Province, we are a customized precision hardware parts CNC machining manufacturing vendor certified by ISO9001:2015 and IATF16949:2016.

Our production workshop covers an area of 3,500 square meters. We have 6-axis machining center, turning and milling compound center, CNC lathe, automatic lathe and other precision production equipment.

HangZhou Zhong Li Da Machinery is based on the tenet of “technology is the root, quality is the foundation, reputation is the life, service is the belief”,We use innovative manufacturing techniques to produce high-quality products at the lowest achievable cost. 

Detailed Photos

 

 

Certifications

 

Regarding the Precision CNC turning parts , we can meet at:
Roundness & Concentricity:  +/- 0.005mm
Surface Roughness:                 Ra 0.2
Flatness/Parallelism :            0.005mm
Perpendicularity :                    0.005mm
General Tolerance :                 0.001mm

WE COULD ALSO PROVIDE PPAP LEVEL FILES FOR THE AUTO INDUSTRY CUSTOMER!

Packaging & Shipping

 

FAQ

Q: When can I get reply after send inquiry?

A: 1.  All inquiries will be replied within 2 hours on Chinese working time.    

     2. Our call phones standing by any calls at any time.

 
Q: How long can I get samples ?

A: Generally samples can be sent to you within 7 working days after product drawing confirmed by both side.  

 

Q: What file format can you accept for my products/design?

A: 1. We can accept varies format, igs, step, stp, jpg,pdf, dwg, dxf and so on.    
     

Q: If I don’t have drawing, how can I get sample ?

A: If you don’t have any drawing,you can send us your sample, we will scan it and make 2D and 3D drawing first, then make sample for you.

 

Q: What are common materials that you use in projects?  

A: Aluminum,Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Copper, Plastics, Titanium and PEEK etc.

 

Q: What’s your MOQ(minimum order quantity)

A: Different products have different MOQs, Welcome to send us trial order firstly.

 

Q: What kind of payment do you accept?

A:  Welcome paid by T/T, L/C, Paypal, Western Union. 

Screw Shaft Features Explained

When choosing the screw shaft for your application, you should consider the features of the screws: threads, lead, pitch, helix angle, and more. You may be wondering what these features mean and how they affect the screw’s performance. This article explains the differences between these factors. The following are the features that affect the performance of screws and their properties. You can use these to make an informed decision and purchase the right screw. You can learn more about these features by reading the following articles.

Threads

The major diameter of a screw thread is the larger of the 2 extreme diameters. The major diameter of a screw is also known as the outside diameter. This dimension can’t be directly measured, but can be determined by measuring the distance between adjacent sides of the thread. In addition, the mean area of a screw thread is known as the pitch. The diameter of the thread and pitch line are directly proportional to the overall size of the screw.
The threads are classified by the diameter and pitch. The major diameter of a screw shaft has the largest number of threads; the smaller diameter is called the minor diameter. The thread angle, also known as the helix angle, is measured perpendicular to the axis of the screw. The major diameter is the largest part of the screw; the minor diameter is the lower end of the screw. The thread angle is the half distance between the major and minor diameters. The minor diameter is the outer surface of the screw, while the top surface corresponds to the major diameter.
The pitch is measured at the crest of a thread. In other words, a 16-pitch thread has a diameter of 1 sixteenth of the screw shaft’s diameter. The actual diameter is 0.03125 inches. Moreover, a large number of manufacturers use this measurement to determine the thread pitch. The pitch diameter is a critical factor in successful mating of male and female threads. So, when determining the pitch diameter, you need to check the thread pitch plate of a screw.
screwshaft

Lead

In screw shaft applications, a solid, corrosion-resistant material is an important requirement. Lead screws are a robust choice, which ensure shaft direction accuracy. This material is widely used in lathes and measuring instruments. They have black oxide coatings and are suited for environments where rusting is not acceptable. These screws are also relatively inexpensive. Here are some advantages of lead screws. They are highly durable, cost-effective, and offer high reliability.
A lead screw system may have multiple starts, or threads that run parallel to each other. The lead is the distance the nut travels along the shaft during a single revolution. The smaller the lead, the tighter the thread. The lead can also be expressed as the pitch, which is the distance between adjacent thread crests or troughs. A lead screw has a smaller pitch than a nut, and the smaller the lead, the greater its linear speed.
When choosing lead screws, the critical speed is the maximum number of revolutions per minute. This is determined by the minor diameter of the shaft and its length. The critical speed should never be exceeded or the lead will become distorted or cracked. The recommended operational speed is around 80 percent of the evaluated critical speed. Moreover, the lead screw must be properly aligned to avoid excessive vibrations. In addition, the screw pitch must be within the design tolerance of the shaft.

Pitch

The pitch of a screw shaft can be viewed as the distance between the crest of a thread and the surface where the threads meet. In mathematics, the pitch is equivalent to the length of 1 wavelength. The pitch of a screw shaft also relates to the diameter of the threads. In the following, the pitch of a screw is explained. It is important to note that the pitch of a screw is not a metric measurement. In the following, we will define the 2 terms and discuss how they relate to 1 another.
A screw’s pitch is not the same in all countries. The United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States have standardized screw threads according to the UN system. Therefore, there is a need to specify the pitch of a screw shaft when a screw is being manufactured. The standardization of pitch and diameter has also reduced the cost of screw manufacturing. Nevertheless, screw threads are still expensive. The United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States have introduced a system for the calculation of screw pitch.
The pitch of a lead screw is the same as that of a lead screw. The diameter is 0.25 inches and the circumference is 0.79 inches. When calculating the mechanical advantage of a screw, divide the diameter by its pitch. The larger the pitch, the more threads the screw has, increasing its critical speed and stiffness. The pitch of a screw shaft is also proportional to the number of starts in the shaft.

Helix angle

The helix angle of a screw shaft is the angle formed between the circumference of the cylinder and its helix. Both of these angles must be equal to 90 degrees. The larger the lead angle, the smaller the helix angle. Some reference materials refer to angle B as the helix angle. However, the actual angle is derived from calculating the screw geometry. Read on for more information. Listed below are some of the differences between helix angles and lead angles.
High helix screws have a long lead. This length reduces the number of effective turns of the screw. Because of this, fine pitch screws are usually used for small movements. A typical example is a 16-mm x 5-inch screw. Another example of a fine pitch screw is a 12x2mm screw. It is used for small moves. This type of screw has a lower lead angle than a high-helix screw.
A screw’s helix angle refers to the relative angle of the flight of the helix to the plane of the screw axis. While screw helix angles are not often altered from the standard square pitch, they can have an effect on processing. Changing the helix angle is more common in two-stage screws, special mixing screws, and metering screws. When a screw is designed for this function, it should be able to handle the materials it is made of.
screwshaft

Size

The diameter of a screw is its diameter, measured from the head to the shaft. Screw diameters are standardized by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The diameters of screws range from 3/50 inches to 16 inches, and more recently, fractions of an inch have been added. However, shaft diameters may vary depending on the job, so it is important to know the right size for the job. The size chart below shows the common sizes for screws.
Screws are generally referred to by their gauge, which is the major diameter. Screws with a major diameter less than a quarter of an inch are usually labeled as #0 to #14 and larger screws are labeled as sizes in fractions of an inch. There are also decimal equivalents of each screw size. These measurements will help you choose the correct size for your project. The screws with the smaller diameters were not tested.
In the previous section, we described the different shaft sizes and their specifications. These screw sizes are usually indicated by fractions of an inch, followed by a number of threads per inch. For example, a ten-inch screw has a shaft size of 2” with a thread pitch of 1/4″, and it has a diameter of 2 inches. This screw is welded to a two-inch Sch. 40 pipe. Alternatively, it can be welded to a 9-inch O.A.L. pipe.
screwshaft

Shape

Screws come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, from the size of a quarter to the diameter of a U.S. quarter. Screws’ main function is to hold objects together and to translate torque into linear force. The shape of a screw shaft, if it is round, is the primary characteristic used to define its use. The following chart shows how the screw shaft differs from a quarter:
The shape of a screw shaft is determined by 2 features: its major diameter, or distance from the outer edge of the thread on 1 side to the inner smooth surface of the shaft. These are generally 2 to 16 millimeters in diameter. Screw shafts can have either a fully threaded shank or a half-threaded shank, with the latter providing better stability. Regardless of whether the screw shaft is round or domed, it is important to understand the different characteristics of a screw before attempting to install it into a project.
The screw shaft’s diameter is also important to its application. The ball circle diameter refers to the distance between the center of 2 opposite balls in contact with the grooves. The root diameter, on the other hand, refers to the distance between the bottommost grooves of the screw shaft. These are the 2 main measurements that define the screw’s overall size. Pitch and nominal diameter are important measurements for a screw’s performance in a particular application.

Lubrication

In most cases, lubrication of a screw shaft is accomplished with grease. Grease is made up of mineral or synthetic oil, thickening agent, and additives. The thickening agent can be a variety of different substances, including lithium, bentonite, aluminum, and barium complexes. A common classification for lubricating grease is NLGI Grade. While this may not be necessary when specifying the type of grease to use for a particular application, it is a useful qualitative measure.
When selecting a lubricant for a screw shaft, the operating temperature and the speed of the shaft determine the type of oil to use. Too much oil can result in heat buildup, while too little can lead to excessive wear and friction. The proper lubrication of a screw shaft directly affects the temperature rise of a ball screw, and the life of the assembly. To ensure the proper lubrication, follow the guidelines below.
Ideally, a low lubrication level is appropriate for medium-sized feed stuff factories. High lubrication level is appropriate for larger feed stuff factories. However, in low-speed applications, the lubrication level should be sufficiently high to ensure that the screws run freely. This is the only way to reduce friction and ensure the longest life possible. Lubrication of screw shafts is an important consideration for any screw.

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